Section edited by Patrick Boerlin and Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section publishes research findings which focus on clinical, macro pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equines, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also accepted.

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  1. Research article

    Effects of dry whey powder and calcium butyrate supplementation of corn/soybean-based diets on productive performance, duodenal histological integrity, and Campylobacter colonization in broilers

    Campylobacter is the main cause of gastroenteritis in humans in industrialized countries, and poultry is its principal reservoir and source of human infections. Dietary supplementation...

    Medelin Ocejo, Beatriz Oporto, Ramón A. Juste and Ana Hurtado

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:199

    Published on: 26 June 2017

  2. Methodology article

    Comparison of different NAT assays for the detection of microorganisms belonging to the class Mollicutes

    Mollicutes detection can be cumbersome due to their slow growth in vitro. For this reason, the use of DNA based on generic molecular tests represents an alternative for rapid, sensitive and specific detection ...

    O. Vega-Orellana, J. B. Poveda, R. S. Rosales, J. M. Bradbury, C. G. Poveda, L. E. Mederos-Iriarte, M. M. Tavío and A. S. Ramírez

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:195

    Published on: 24 June 2017

  3. Research article

    In vitro physiological and antibacterial characterization of ZnO nanoparticle composites in simulated porcine gastric and enteric fluids

    Diarrhea in piglets is one of the main causes of animal death after weaning; zinc oxide (ZnO) has been used in high doses for the control of this sickness. The aim of this study was to determine the physicoche...

    Marina S.R. Barreto, Cristina T. Andrade, Luiz Cláudio R. P. da Silva, Lúcio M. Cabral, Vânia M. Flosi Paschoalin and Eduardo M. Del Aguila

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:181

    Published on: 17 June 2017

  4. Research article

    Molecular typing of Leptospira interrogans serovar Hardjo isolates from leptospirosis outbreaks in Brazilian livestock

    Leptospirosis is caused by pathogenic spirochetes of the genus Leptospira spp. This zoonotic disease is distributed globally and affects domestic animals, including cattle. Leptospira interrogans serogroup Sejroe...

    Maria Raquel V. Cosate, Tetsu Sakamoto, Tiago Antônio de Oliveira Mendes, Élvio C. Moreira, Carlos G. Regis da Silva, Bruno S. A. F. Brasil, Camila S. F. Oliveira, Vasco Ariston de Azevedo, José Miguel Ortega, Rômulo C. Leite and João Paulo Haddad

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:177

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  5. Research article

    Potential for rapid antibody detection to identify tuberculous cattle with non-reactive tuberculin skin test results

    Bovine tuberculosis (TB) control programs generally rely on the tuberculin skin test (TST) for ante-mortem detection of Mycobacterium bovis-infected cattle.

    Ray W. Waters, Martin H. Vordermeier, Shelley Rhodes, Bhagwati Khatri, Mitchell V. Palmer, Mayara F. Maggioli, Tyler C. Thacker, Jeffrey T. Nelson, Bruce V. Thomsen, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, Doris M. Bravo Garcia, Mark A. Schoenbaum, Mark S. Camacho, Jean S. Ray, Javan Esfandiari, Paul Lambotte…

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:164

    Published on: 7 June 2017

  6. Research article

    Search for OIE-listed ruminant mycoplasma diseases in Afghanistan

    Little is known about the occurrence of important diseases of ruminants in Afghanistan because of the conflict affecting the country over the last 40 years. To address this discrepancy, ruminant herds in Afgha...

    W. Bahir, O. Omar, R.S. Rosales, M. Hlusek, G. Ziay, W. Schauwers, A.M. Whatmore and R.A.J. Nicholas

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:149

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  7. Research article

    Clinical, serological and echocardiographic examination of healthy field dogs before and after vaccination with a commercial tetravalent leptospirosis vaccine

    Leptospirosis is a re-emerging bacterial zoonosis caused by spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. Severe disease has been reported in dogs in Europe despite vaccination with bivalent Leptospira vaccines. Recently,...

    Andrea M. Spiri, Sabrina Rodriguez-Campos, José M. Matos, Tony M. Glaus, Barbara Riond, Claudia E. Reusch, Regina Hofmann-Lehmann and Barbara Willi

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:138

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  8. Research article

    Salmonella serotypes and their antimicrobial susceptibility in apparently healthy dogs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    The close bond between pet animals and family members poses risk of infection with zoonotic bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella. No data is available on occurrence of Salmonella in dogs in Ethiopia. The aim of...

    Bitsu Kiflu, Haile Alemayehu, Mukarim Abdurahaman, Yohannes Negash and Tadesse Eguale

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:134

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  9. Research article

    Prevalence and clonal relationship of ESBL-producing Salmonella strains from humans and poultry in northeastern Algeria

    The aims of this study were to investigate Salmonella contamination in broiler chicken farms and slaughterhouses, to assess the antibiotic resistance profile in avian and human Salmonella isolates, and to evaluat...

    Samia Djeffal, Sofiane Bakour, Bakir Mamache, Rachid Elgroud, Amir Agabou, Selma Chabou, Sana Hireche, Omar Bouaziz, Kheira Rahal and Jean-Marc Rolain

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:132

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  10. Research article

    Development of a novel immunochromatographic lateral flow assay specific for Mycobacterium bovis cells and its application in combination with immunomagnetic separation to test badger faeces

    The European badger is an important wildlife reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis implicated in the spread of bovine tuberculosis in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Infected badgers are known to shed M. bovis in thei...

    Linda D. Stewart, Nuria Tort, Paul Meakin, Jose M. Argudo, Ruramayi Nzuma, Neil Reid, Richard J. Delahay, Roland Ashford, W. Ian Montgomery and Irene R. Grant

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:131

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  11. Methodology article

    A robust PCR for the differentiation of potential virulent strains of Haemophilus parasuis

    Haemophilus parasuis is the etiological agent of Glässer’s disease in swine. H. parasuis comprises strains with heterogeneous virulence capacity, from non-virulent to highly virulent. ...

    N. Galofré-Milà, F. Correa-Fiz, S. Lacouture, M. Gottschalk, K. Strutzberg-Minder, A. Bensaid, S. Pina-Pedrero and V. Aragon

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:124

    Published on: 8 May 2017

  12. Research article

    Illumina MiSeq 16S amplicon sequence analysis of bovine respiratory disease associated bacteria in lung and mediastinal lymph node tissue

    Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is caused by growth of single or multiple species of pathogenic bacteria in lung tissue following stress and/or viral infection. Next generation sequencing of 16S ribosomal RNA...

    Dayle Johnston, Bernadette Earley, Paul Cormican, Gerard Murray, David Anthony Kenny, Sinead Mary Waters, Mark McGee, Alan Kieran Kelly and Matthew Sean McCabe

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:118

    Published on: 2 May 2017

  13. Research article

    Mycoplasma detection by triplex real-time PCR in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from bovine respiratory disease complex cases

    In this study we evaluated the RespoCheck Mycoplasma triplex real-time PCR for the detection in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of Mycoplasma (M.) dispar, M. bovis and M. bovirhinis, all three associated with...

    Jan B. W. J. Cornelissen, Freddy M. de Bree, Fimme J. van der Wal, Engbert A. Kooi, Miriam G. J. Koene, Alex Bossers, Bregtje Smid, Adriaan F. Antonis and Henk J. Wisselink

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:97

    Published on: 8 April 2017

  14. Research article

    Characterization and virulence clustering analysis of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from swine in China

    Swine extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) is an important pathogen that leads to economic and welfare costs in the swine industry worldwide, and is occurring with increasing frequency in China. By...

    Yinchu Zhu, Wenyang Dong, Jiale Ma, Lvfeng Yuan, Hassan M.A. Hejair, Zihao Pan, Guangjin Liu and Huochun Yao

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:94

    Published on: 8 April 2017

  15. Methodology article

    Comparison of nasopharyngeal and guttural pouch specimens to determine the optimal sampling site to detect Streptococcus equi subsp equi carriers by DNA amplification

    Streptococcus equi subsp equi (S. equi) is the cause of “equine strangles” which is a highly infectious upper respiratory disease. Detection of S. equi is influenced by site of specime...

    Ashley G. Boyle, Darko Stefanovski and Shelley C. Rankin

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:75

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  16. Research article

    Presence of Coxiella burnetii DNA in inflamed bovine cardiac valves

    Bacterial endocarditis is a recognised disease in humans and animals. In humans, infection with Coxiella burnetii can cause endocarditis, but this has not been investigated thoroughly in animals. Endocarditis in ...

    Jørgen S. Agerholm, Tim K. Jensen, Jens F. Agger, Marc Y. Engelsma and Hendrik I. J. Roest

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:69

    Published on: 9 March 2017

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