Section edited by Patrick Boerlin and Patrick Butaye

The bacteriology section publishes research findings which focus on clinical, macro pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of bacterial infections. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equines, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also accepted.

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  1. Research article

    Mycoplasma detection by triplex real-time PCR in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from bovine respiratory disease complex cases

    In this study we evaluated the RespoCheck Mycoplasma triplex real-time PCR for the detection in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of Mycoplasma (M.) dispar, M. bovis and M. bovirhinis, all three associated with...

    Jan B. W. J. Cornelissen, Freddy M. de Bree, Fimme J. van der Wal, Engbert A. Kooi, Miriam G. J. Koene, Alex Bossers, Bregtje Smid, Adriaan F. Antonis and Henk J. Wisselink

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:97

    Published on: 8 April 2017

  2. Research article

    Characterization and virulence clustering analysis of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from swine in China

    Swine extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) is an important pathogen that leads to economic and welfare costs in the swine industry worldwide, and is occurring with increasing frequency in China. By...

    Yinchu Zhu, Wenyang Dong, Jiale Ma, Lvfeng Yuan, Hassan M.A. Hejair, Zihao Pan, Guangjin Liu and Huochun Yao

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:94

    Published on: 8 April 2017

  3. Methodology article

    Comparison of nasopharyngeal and guttural pouch specimens to determine the optimal sampling site to detect Streptococcus equi subsp equi carriers by DNA amplification

    Streptococcus equi subsp equi (S. equi) is the cause of “equine strangles” which is a highly infectious upper respiratory disease. Detection of S. equi is influenced by site of specime...

    Ashley G. Boyle, Darko Stefanovski and Shelley C. Rankin

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:75

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Presence of Coxiella burnetii DNA in inflamed bovine cardiac valves

    Bacterial endocarditis is a recognised disease in humans and animals. In humans, infection with Coxiella burnetii can cause endocarditis, but this has not been investigated thoroughly in animals. Endocarditis in ...

    Jørgen S. Agerholm, Tim K. Jensen, Jens F. Agger, Marc Y. Engelsma and Hendrik I. J. Roest

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:69

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  5. Research article

    Infectious keratoconjunctivitis in wild Caprinae: merging field observations and molecular analyses sheds light on factors shaping outbreak dynamics

    Infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) is an ocular infectious disease caused by Mycoplasma conjunctivae which affects small domestic and wild mountain ruminants. Domestic sheep maintain the pathogen but the detec...

    Giuseppina Gelormini, Dominique Gauthier, Edy M. Vilei, Jean-Paul Crampe, Joachim Frey and Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:67

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  6. Research article

    Characteristics of extended-spectrum β-lactamase–producing Escherichia coli isolated from fecal samples of piglets with diarrhea in central and southern Taiwan in 2015

    The production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) confer resistance to the commonly used beta-lactam antimicrobials and ESBL–producing bacteria render treatment difficulty in human and veterinary medici...

    Wan-Chen Lee and Kuang-Sheng Yeh

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:66

    Published on: 1 March 2017

  7. Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance and genomic rep-PCR fingerprints of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains from animals on the background of the global population structure

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important human opportunistic pathogen responsible for fatal nosocomial infections worldwide, and has emerged as a relevant animal pathogen. Treatment opti...

    Isa Serrano, Daniel De Vos, José Pedro Santos, Florence Bilocq, Alexandre Leitão, Luis Tavares, Jean-Paul Pirnay and Manuela Oliveira

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:58

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  8. Research article

    Risk factors of different hemoplasma species infections in cats

    Hemoplasma species (spp.) commonly cause infections in cats worldwide. However, data on risk factors for infections are limited. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hemoplasma spp. infecti...

    Michèle Bergmann, Theresa Englert, Bianca Stuetzer, Jennifer R. Hawley, Michael R. Lappin and Katrin Hartmann

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:52

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  9. Research article

    Comparison of virulence of Francisella tularensis ssp. holarctica genotypes B.12 and B.FTNF002-00

    Two main genetic groups (B.12 and B.FTNF002-00) of Francisella tularensis ssp. holarctica are endemic in Europe. The B.FTNF002-00 group proved to be dominant in Western European countries, while strains of the B....

    Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Károly Erdélyi, Orsolya Felde, Massimo Fabbi, Kinga M. Sulyok, Tibor Magyar and Miklós Gyuranecz

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:46

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  10. Methodology article

    A novel multiplex qPCR targeting 23S rDNA for diagnosis of swine dysentery and porcine intestinal spirochaetosis

    A multiplex qPCR targeting a 128 bp region on the 23S rDNA gene was developed for detection of Brachyspira (B.) hyodysenteriae and B. pilosicoli, the agents of swine dysentery (SD) and porcine intestinal spirocha...

    Anna Borgström, Simone Scherrer, Constanze Kirchgässner, Sarah Schmitt, Daniel Frei and Max M. Wittenbrink

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:42

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  11. Research article

    A novel Salmonella strain inactivated by a regulated autolysis system and expressing the B subunit of Shiga toxin 2e efficiently elicits immune responses and confers protection against virulent Stx2e-producing Escherichia coli

    Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) inactivated by a regulated autolysis system was genetically engineered to express the homo-pentameric B subunit of Shiga toxin 2e (Stx2eB) on it...

    Gayeon Won, Tae Hoon Kim and John Hwa Lee

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:40

    Published on: 1 February 2017

  12. Research article

    Homologous prime-boost immunization with live attenuated Salmonella enterica serovar Senftenberg and its preventive efficacy against experimental challenge with various strains of S. Senftenberg

    The heterogeneity observed regarding persistence, and subsequent fecal shedding pattern of the Salmonella Senftenberg (S. Senftenberg) serovar in chicken’s calls for development of the optimized immunization stra...

    Nitin M. Kamble and John Hwa Lee

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:39

    Published on: 31 January 2017

  13. Case Report

    Systemic nocardiosis in a dog caused by Nocardia cyriacigeorgica

    Systemic nocardiosis due to Nocardia cyriacigeorgica has not been reported in dogs.

    Yesari Eroksuz, Nafia Canan Gursoy, Tolga Karapinar, Burak Karabulut, Canan Akdeniz Incili, Zeynep Yerlikaya, Zulal Asci Toraman, Mehmet Ozkan Timurkan and Hatice Eroksuz

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:30

    Published on: 21 January 2017

  14. Research article

    Attenuated Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae double-deletion mutant S-8∆clpP/apxIIC confers protection against homologous or heterologous strain challenge

    Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the etiological agent of porcine pleuropneumonia, which leads to large economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. In this study, S-8△clpP△apxII...

    Fang Xie, Gang Li, Long Zhou, Yanhe Zhang, Ning Cui, Siguo Liu and Chunlai Wang

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:14

    Published on: 6 January 2017

  15. Research article

    Development and evaluation of a diagnostic cytokine-release assay for Mycobacterium suricattae infection in meerkats (Suricata suricatta)

    Sensitive diagnostic tools are necessary for the detection of Mycobacterium suricattae infection in meerkats (Suricata suricatta) in order to more clearly understand the epidemiology of tuberculosis and the ecolo...

    Charlene Clarke, Stuart James Patterson, Julian Ashley Drewe, Paul David van Helden, Michele Ann Miller and Sven David Charles Parsons

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:2

    Published on: 4 January 2017

  16. Methodology article

    A novel real-time PCR assay for quantitative detection of Campylobacter fetus based on ribosomal sequences

    Campylobacter fetus is a pathogen of major concern for animal and human health. The species shows a great intraspecific variation, with three subspecies: C. fetus subsp. fetus, C. fetu...

    Gregorio Iraola, Ruben Pérez, Laura Betancor, Ana Marandino, Claudia Morsella, Alejandra Méndez, Fernando Paolicchi, Alessandra Piccirillo, Gonzalo Tomás, Alejandra Velilla and Lucía Calleros

    BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:286

    Published on: 15 December 2016

  17. Methodology article

    A proteomic approach to the development of DIVA ELISA distinguishing pigs infected with Salmonella Typhimurium and pigs vaccinated with a Salmonella Typhimurium-based inactivated vaccine

    Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is one of the most common enteropathogenic bacteria found in pigs in Europe. In our previous work, we demonstrated the protective effects in suc...

    Jan Gebauer, Hana Kudlackova, Marcel Kosina, Kamil Kovarcik, Radek Tesarik, Alena Osvaldova, Martin Faldyna and Jan Matiasovic

    BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:252

    Published on: 11 November 2016

  18. Research article

    A 10-day vacancy period after cleaning and disinfection has no effect on the bacterial load in pig nursery units

    Biosecurity measures such as cleaning, disinfection and a vacancy period between production cycles on pig farms are essential to prevent disease outbreaks. No studies have tested the effect of a longer vacancy...

    K. Luyckx, S. Millet, S. Van Weyenberg, L. Herman, M. Heyndrickx, J. Dewulf and K. De Reu

    BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:236

    Published on: 19 October 2016

  19. Research article

    Determination of N-acylhomoserine lactones of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in clinical samples from dogs with otitis externa

    Bacterial intercellular communication, called quorum sensing, takes place via the production and collective response to signal molecules. In Gram-negative bacteria, like Pseudomonas aeruginosa, these signaling mo...

    Darja Kušar, Karin Šrimpf, Petra Isaković, Lina Kalšek, Javid Hosseini, Irena Zdovc, Tina Kotnik, Modest Vengušt and Gabrijela Tavčar-Kalcher

    BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:233

    Published on: 18 October 2016

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